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McDougall Cottage, Cambridge, Ontario
McDougall Cottage Historic Site
    Address/Contact Info
89 Grand Ave. South
Cambridge,   ON   N1S 2L7

Nearby Shopping
Downtown Galt

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  Phone:  (519) 624-8250  
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Sunday, June 2, 2002, marked the opening of the Region’s newest heritage house to the public, McDougall Cottage. Learn about the hardworking Scots that made this charming stone cottage their home, and view the most spectacular hand-painted friezes and trompe l’oeil ceilings that Ontario has to offer.

Historical McDougall Cottage, a c.1858 limestone labourer’s dwelling, is open afternoons for visiting Wednesday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday from 12 to 5 p.m., Thursday, 12 to 8 p.m. McDougall Cottage is located at 89 Grand Avenue South in Cambridge on the banks of the Grand River and is owned and operated by the Region of Waterloo. The cottage serves as an interpretation centre, showcasing its unique interior landscapes, presenting exhibits of local interest and sharing research resources with the public.

This charming vernacular cottage, with its equally charming pocket-sized garden has been home of two families of hardworking Scots for more than a century. The McDougalls, born of a Highland clan, first raised its walls using local limestone, dressing its street-side with carefully-matched blocks of handsome granite. By the dawn of the new century, a second family, also from the heather hills of Scotland, had taken ownership of the cottage. Newly married in 1901, James Baird and his wife Margaret, moved in and set about “renovating” their first home. The most fashionable of all the “modern decor” that the Bairds would add to the cottage were the exotic landscapes and trompe l’oeil ceilings that James’s brother Jack painted in the young couple’s dining room and study.

Where did these exotic scenes come from? Were they the products of an active imagination or had this adventuresome brother really viewed those fantastical landscapes and witnessed the dramatic events he painted on the walls? We may never know, but we can take pleasure in them today, much as the Bairds must have done, by visiting the McDougall Cottage.

McDougall Cottage has been home to two families of hard-working Scots for more than a hundred years. It was built in the late 1850s by John McDougall, a few years after his arrival with his family from Roxburghshire, Scotland. Constructed of local limestone and coursed, its street facade was trimmed with carefully matched blocks of gray granite.

By the dawn of the 20th century, a second family of Scots had taken ownership of the cottage. Newly married in 1901, James Baird and his wife Margaret moved in and James, being a skilled woodworker, began to renovate and update his home consistent with the fashion and taste of the period. He added the rounded portico with its Tuscan columns, the glassed-in sun porch on the river side, likely laid the hardwood floors and may have upgraded the heating system, installing the beautifully cast radiators which bear the patent date 1887. It was his artistic brother, Jack, who transformed the interior spaces with his paintings a few years after the Bairds moved in.

When James died in 1959, the house was purchased by the Johnson family who in their later years found the upkeep a burden. By 1987, when its painted interiors were discovered to be intact and its historical significance as a Scottish labourer’s cottage recognized, it was purchased by Heritage Cambridge and subsequently resold to a private citizen with stringent conditions for restoration. Tim Drennan agreed to the covenants, took on the daunting task of restoring the rather derelict-looking building in just twelve short months and, doing much of the work himself, was responsible for much of the skilled restoration work you see today. The friezes and ceilings were conserved in 1990/91 by In Restauro Conservart Incorporated of Toronto with grants from the Preserving Ontario’s Architecture Program.

Now owned and operated by the Region of Waterloo since 2002 this marks the beginning of McDougall Cottage’s new life as a public facility. Showcasing its unique painted interior landscapes, functioning as an interpretation centre, staging exhibits of local interest and collecting research resources for use by the public.


The Cottage is open for afternoon visits:
Wednesday to Sunday 12 - 5 p.m.
Admission is by donation unless otherwise noted.

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